Introduction

2100. What is the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program?
Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is a Federal Government cash assistance program to assist people who are aged, blind and disabled, who need help with money for food, shelter, clothing and the like.

2101. Who Administers the SSI Program?
The Social Security Administration (SSA) administers the SSI Program, and Local Social Security offices handle the applications. See also §1505 and §1507.

2102. Purpose and Basic Principles
The Purpose and Basic Principles of SSI are to make sure that people who are blind, aged or disabled who do not have many, if any, resources will have enough money to live. To learn more about the Purpose and Principles, you may read you read this section of the Handbook for more detailed information.

2103. Where does the SSI Program Operate?
The SSI program mainly operates in the District of Columbia, all 50 State, and the Northern Mariana Island, and other places as well for other persons as well , so it is important that you read this section of the Handbook for more detailed information. See also §2103.

2104. When are SSI Benefits Paid?
SSI benefits are paid on the 1st of the month after it is determined that you are eligible for benefits. It is important that you read this section of the Handbook for more detailed information.

2105. How are SSI Benefits Financed?
SSI benefits are financed through the United States Treasury, so it is important that you read this section of the Handbook for more detailed information.

2106. Does the State Supplement Basic SSI Benefits?
Some States do and some States don’t supplement the Federal SSI Benefits. It is important that you read this section of the Handbook for more detailed information.

2107. If I am Eligible for SSI, then I am I also Automatically Eligible for Medicaid?
Just because you receive SSI does not automatically means you will get medicaid and that is determined on a State by State basis so it is important that you read this section of the Handbook for more detailed information.

2108. If I am Eligible for SSI, then Am I Automatically Eligible for Food Stamps?
You may or may not be eligible for Food Stamps if you are on SSI. To find out more detailed information about Food Stamps and whether or not you will are eligible for Food Stamps, then see this section of the Handbook for more detailed information.

2109. What Happens If I was Eligible for Assistance under a Federal/State Matching Grant Program for the Aged, Blind, or Disabled in December 1973?
The January, 1974 SSI Program grandfather in anyone who was receiving assistance under one of the Federal/State Matching programs for the aged, blind, or disabled in December 1973, then you were “grandfathered” into the SSI program that went into effect in January, 1974. To learn more about the “grandfather” provisions, then see §2172, and this section of the Handbook for more detailed information.

2110. What are some SSI Definitions that might be Helpful?
It is important to know some SSI Definitions , and these might also answer some of your other questions about SSI:

  1. Who Is An Eligible Individual? To be an “eligible individual” you must file and application band meet the criteria described in the following sections §§ 2111, 2112 pertaining in part to pregnant low-income women, Section 2113 pertaining in part to an Indian tribe, etc., or Section 2114 .
    You may also see the following Sections for more information on eligibility: §2115; §2121; §2116; §2117; §2119; §2120; and §2167.
  2. Who Is An Eligible Spouse? To be an “eligible spouse” is a husband or wife must be living in the same household with eligible individual who meets all of the eligibility criteria in §§2111-2114.
  3. Who Is An Eligible Couple? To be considered an “eligible couple” both the husband and wife must be eligible.
  4. Who Is An Ineligible Spouse? To be an “ineligible spouse” the husband or wife of the eligible individual is not eligible.
  5. Who Is An Essential Person? To be an “essential person” the person must be ineligible person:
      and live with the eligible individual or couple, and where the State Adult Assistance Program has already taken into account the needs to the essential person for purposes of figuring out the amount of the benefit should be paid to the eligible person (s). See also §2172.
  6. Who Is A Child? A “child” is a person who is not married, not the head of a household, and either is under 18 or under 22 and attends school or training and is preparing him or herself for a job.
  7. Who Is A Sponsor? A “sponsor” is a person who signs an affidavit on behalf of an alien. For all definitions, it is important that you read this section of the Handbook for more detailed information.

If you have any questions about this section of the Handbook, then you may Contact Us for more information.